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Physiologus Theobaldi Episcopi de Naturis Duodecim Animalium (Bishop Theobald's Bestiary of Twelve Animals)


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Title

Physiologus Theobaldi Episcopi de Naturis Duodecim Animalium (Bishop Theobald's Bestiary of Twelve Animals)

Artist

Rudy Pozzatti (American, born 1925)

Related People

publisher: Indiana University Press (American, active 20th-21st centuries)

Date

1964

Medium

portfolio with 12 lithographs and 10 woodcuts on cream wove paper; housed in a clamshell box

Edition

35/325

Collection Area

Graphic Arts

Category

Books, Portfolios, and Manuscripts

Prints

Object Type

portfolio

Culture

American

Credit Line

Bequest of Dr. Francis J. Newton

Accession Number

2009.5.96

Copyright

© unknown, research required

Terms

artists' books

lithography

portfolios

woodcut

wove paper

Description

Bestiaries are books that describe and illustrate animals, while also providing moral instruction. During the Middle Ages, bestiaries were immensely popular and grew out of the notion that the natural world had been arranged by God to instruct humanity, as described in the book of Job: "But ask the animals, and they will teach you, or the birds of the air, and they will tell you; or speak to the earth, and it will teach you, or let the fish of the sea inform you. Which of all these does not know that the hand of the Lord has done this?" (Job 12:7–9).

Bishop Theobald's (11th century; abbot of Monte Cassino, Rome, 1022-1035) bestiary was one of the most popular books of the Middle Ages. For the modern version, the publisher combined Rudy Pozzatti's animals with a new translation of the text by poet Willis Barnstone.

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