MOV File
Online Collections


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Art & Architecture Thesaurus

Preferred Term



Handmade, sun-dried brick typically made from wet mud and straw, sometimes also containing sand, clay, dung, grass, chaff, or blood. It is porous, wettable, susceptible to wet-dry cycle degradation, but good heat insulation. Adobe walls are typically built using mud mortar between the brick layers followed with a mud stucco finish layer. It was used as early as 7000 BCE for houses, buildings, and pyramids, particularly in arid climates such as Mesopotamia, Persia, Palestine, India, China, and the pre-Columbian Americas. For sun-dried brick that may or may contain the binders of adobe, use the more general "sun-dried brick."


brick, adobe

brick, sun-baked

sun-baked brick

unfired brick

brick, unfired

later crudus

adobe brick

unburnt brick

sun-dried mud brick

brick, unburnt

adobe block

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