MOV File
Online Collections


Term Type

Art & Architecture Thesaurus

Preferred Term



Refers to the stitching of materials with thread, cord, or other filament by means of a needle or awl for the purpose of joining, attaching, repairing, enclosing, securing or decorating. In the context of textiles and needleworking, its meaning overlaps with "stitching." In the context of bookbinding, it refers specifically to the joining of leaves or gatherings together one by one by drawing thread or wire backwards and forwards through the back folds of each sheet to attach it to the cords; it is distinct from "stitching," which, in the context of bookbinding, is used for fastening together a number of leaves or gatherings by passing the thread or wire through all of them at once.



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The Portland Art Museum’s Online Collections site is brought to you thanks to support provided by the State of Oregon through its second Culture, History, Arts, Movies, and Preservation funding program and generous awards from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the National Endowment for the Arts.