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- Related Titles
original language: 菊花圖
color woodblock print on paper
- Dimensions (H x W x D)
image: 8 7/8 in x 12 1/8 in; sheet: 12 9/16 in x 17 in
- Inscriptions & Markings
seal: Qida 齊大, printed, lower right Language: Chinese
signature: Baishi 白石 (White Stone), printed, lower right Language: Chinese Description: signature
- Collection Area
Asian Art; Graphic Arts
- Object Type
- Credit Line
Gift of Donald and Mel Jenkins
- Accession Number
© unknown, research required
The chrysanthemum is considered one of the Four Gentlemen, along with the plum, the orchid, and bamboo—plants that symbolize key Confucian virtues. Because the chrysanthemum blooms in the fall, flourishing despite the onset of early frosts, it represents the ability to withstand adversity.
Chrysanthemums were beloved of one of China's most famous poets, Tao Yuanming (365–427). Tao left a government post to live in reclusion in the countryside, surrounded by pines and chrysanthemums. In Tao's poetry, chrysanthemums become a metaphor for personal integrity. In popular folklore, chrysanthemums are associated with longevity.